“Connecticut? Aye. Delaware? Aye. Georgia? No.”

Scribbling frantically, James Madison, serving in the capacity of chief recorder of the Constitutional Convention, could barely keep pace with the roll call.

“Maryland? Aye. Massachusetts? Divided; Mr. Gerry and Mr. Strong, aye, Mr. King and Mr. Gorham, no.”

The division of the Massachusetts delegation was a testament to the power of honest debate. Though Rufus King had arrived at the Constitutional Convention doubting the need to amend the Articles of Confederation, his interaction with other delegates led him to change his mind.

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